HIV and STD Basics
HIV continues to infect 50,000 people in our country each year despite the absence of the epidemic from the headlines.
And there are certain groups being infected in the United States at disproportionate rates, rates that we would expect to see in hard-hit developing countries.
The successful engagement of those communities most impacted by HIV requires a conscious effort to address health disparities and inequities. This training examines the impact that social determinants of health have on the ability of vulnerable communities to access and engage in services.
A brief online course for medical providers who want an understanding of the core principles of Partner Services. This includes transition statements to introduce the subject during patient encounters and explain the role of health department staff in Partner Services follow-up.
CDC strongly recommends that all persons with newly diagnosed HIV and STDs receive Partner Services with active health department involvement.
Stigma and discrimination are among the foremost barriers to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support. Specifically, research has shown that stigma and discrimination undermine HIV prevention efforts by making people afraid to seek information and services. It inhibits willingness to adopt safer behaviors lest these actions raise suspicion about HIV status, discourages people living with HIV from disclosing their status to family members and sexual partners and undermines their ability and willingness to access and adhere to treatment.
Despite the many challenges of living with HIV, many people have a resilience that allows them to continue to survive and thrive.
“Among gay and bisexual men, black African American men, especially those who are younger, are the group most disproportionately affected by HIV. If current diagnosis rates continue, about 1 in 2 African American gay and bisexual men will be diagnosed with HIV in their lifetime—in comparison to 1 in 4 Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men, 1 in 11 white gay and bisexual men, and 1 in 6 gay and bisexual men overall. But these rates are not inevitable. We have more tools to prevent HIV than ever before.”
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
By the end of the course, providers will be familiar with basic information about HIV/AIDS and will have access to resources necessary to gain more information and support.
Taking a sexual history is not a talent that some people happen to be born with. Just like listening to a heart or looking in an ear, the sexual history requires skills that need to be practiced again and again.
Linda Creegan talks about these skills and demonstrates sexual history taking using the five P‘s: Past STDs, Pregnancy history and plans, Partners, Sexual Practices and Prevention of STDs and HIV.
Culture is the blended patterns of human behavior that include “language, thoughts, communications, actions, customs, beliefs, values, and institutions of racial, ethnic, religious, or social groups.” Cultural competence is “a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency, or among professionals that enables effective work in cross-cultural situations.” “Competence” in the term cultural competence implies that an individual or organization has the capacity to function effectively “within the context of the cultural beliefs, behaviors, and needs presented by consumers and their communities.”
– Center for Disease Control and Prevention
Six fundamental sexual health principles guide clients toward a greater understanding of their current relationship with HIV. Linking sexual health principles within HIV services is a collaborative sexual health conversation that defines and supports each person’s personal vision of sexual health.
STD/HIV Review: Workshop for Educators Who Work With Youth
This is a comprehensive review of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including HIV for non-clinical audiences, prioritizing those working with youth. This module provides an overview of common STDs, the relationship between HIV and STDs, and the role of testing and screening to reduce the spread of STDs. Participants will increase knowledge about the unique factors that put adolescents at greater risk for STDs and be able to identify three key messages for youth to reduce the impact of STDs on adolescents. This module was last revised in March, 2019.